文章摘要
压力控制通气模式在合并轻度阻塞性通气功能障碍老年患者腹腔镜胆囊手术中的通气效果
Effect of PCV on mild obstructive ventilation dysfunction in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 老年患者  气道阻力  腹腔镜胆囊切除术  肺顺应性
英文关键词: Elderly patients  Airway resistance  Laparoscopy cholecystectomy  Lung com-pliance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81071059,81100984,81571054);天津市应用基础与前沿技术研究计划(一般项目)(15JCYBJC25600)
作者单位
赵振宇 300170 天津医科大学三中心临床学院 天津市第三中心医院麻醉科
天津市津南区咸水沽医院麻醉科 
文志廷 天津市儿童医院麻醉科 
王海云 300170,天津医科大学三中心临床学院 天津市第三中心医院麻醉科 
张景洪 天津市津南区咸水沽医院麻醉科 
邢金城 300170,天津医科大学三中心临床学院 天津市第三中心医院麻醉科 
刘艳茹 300170,天津医科大学三中心临床学院 天津市第三中心医院麻醉科 
叶政辉 300170,天津医科大学三中心临床学院 天津市第三中心医院麻醉科 
摘要点击次数: 3768
全文下载次数: 1251
中文摘要:
      目的:评价压力控制通气(PCV)模式用于合并轻度阻塞性通气功能障碍的老年患者行腹腔镜胆囊切除术中的通气效果。方法选择择期拟行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者40例,男23例,女17例,年龄65~75岁,ASA Ⅱ或Ⅲ级,合并轻度阻塞性通气功能障碍,BMI 18.5~23.9 kg/m2,采用随机数字表法,均分为两组:容量控制通气(VCV)组(V 组)和 PCV 组(P 组)。新鲜气流量均为2 L/min,FiO 260%,VT 8~12 ml/kg(P 组调整吸气压),I∶E 1∶2,RR 12~16次/分。调整通气参数维持PET CO 235~45 mm Hg。直至手术结束后气管导管拔除期间两组均分别维持以上通气模式及呼吸参数。于气管插管后5 min(气腹前)(T1)、气腹开始后30 min(T2)、气腹结束后10 min (T3)时记录气道峰压(Ppeak)、气道平台压(Pplat)、吸气阻力(Raw)和动态肺顺应性(Cdyn),采集桡动脉和混合静脉血行血气分析,计算氧合指数(PaO 2/FiO 2)、呼吸指数(RI)、死腔通气率(VD/VT )和肺内分流率(Qs/Qt)。记录拔管时间、复苏室停留时间和拔管后2 h 内高碳酸血症、低氧血症等不良反应的发生情况。结果与 V 组比较,T1~T3时 P 组 Ppeak、Pplat 和 Raw 明显降低,Cdyn、PaO 2/FiO 2明显升高,RI、VD/VT 、Qs/Qt 和拔管后低氧血症发生率明显降低(P <0.05)。两组拔管时间、复苏室停留时间及高碳酸血症发生率差异无统计学意义。结论 PCV模式可安全用于合并轻度阻塞性通气功能障碍的老年腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者,其通气效果好,低氧血症发生率降低。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate effect and safety of pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in aged patients with mild obstructive ventilation dysfunction. Methods Forty elderly patients with mild obstructive ventilatory dysfunction,aged 65 to 75 years, falling catergary of ASA Ⅱ or Ⅲ,with body mass index of 18.5-23.9 kg/m2 ,undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into two groups (n = 20 each):PCV group (group P)and volume-controlled ventilation (VCV)group (group V).Fresh gas flow was set at 2 L/min,FiO 2 60%,VT 8-12 ml/kg,I∶E 1∶2,respiratory rate 12-1 6,PET CO 2 was maintained at 35-45 mm Hg in both groups.From the end of surgery to extubation,two groups were respectively main-tained separate ventilation mode and respiratory paramaters.Airway peak pressure (Ppeak),airway plateau pressure (Pplat),and airway resistance (Raw),dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) and PET CO 2 were measuredat 5 min after intubation (before pneumoperitoneum)(T1 ),30 min after pneumoperitoneum (T2 ),10 min after the end of pneumoperitoneum (T3 ).The radialartery and mixed venous blood was sampled for blood gasanalysis.Oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2 ),respiratory index (RI),dead space ventilation (VD/VT )and the pulmonary shunt fraction (Qs/Qt)were calculat-ed.Extubation time and extubation associated complications 2 h were recorded.Results Compared with group V,Ppeak,Pplatand Raw,RI,VD/VT and Qs/Qt were decreased at T1-T3 ,and Cdyn and PaO 2/FiO 2 were increased at T1-T3 ,and the incidence of hypoxemia was decreased within 2 h after extubation was statistically significant difference in group P (P <0.05 ).There were no statistically significant differences in extubation time,the recovery time and the incidence of hypercapniabetween the two groups.Conclusion PCV can be used in aged patients with mild obstructive ventilation dys-function undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for its good ventilation effect and less complica-tions.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭